How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses? 2023

How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses?

How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses?

How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses?

Vision problems, such as trouble seeing road signs while driving or reading the menu at your favorite restaurant, are common in adults but can be more difficult to diagnose in children. What is frustrating for parents is that many children, although they have vision problems, show no outward signs of vision problems. He is a pediatric optometrist at Children’s Hospital in Akron, Ohio.

Therefore, children should be taken to an ophthalmologist early. “Even if parents think there’s nothing wrong with their child’s vision, they should have their child’s first checkup between 3 and 5 years old to ensure their vision is clear and their eyes are healthy,” says Gilet. “Love is essential in preparing a child to enter school and life with as little difficulty as possible. “Visual barriers can reduce quality of life.”

Fortunately, vision problems in children are treatable if caught early. Follow these steps to determine if your child needs glasses and, if so, how to cover the cost.


Step 1: Find the right vision insurance

Having vision insurance that’s right for your needs and situation can save you money on tests, treatments, and even equipment like glasses or contact lenses. The Affordable Care Act (ACA) considers pediatric eye care an essential health benefit. This means that insurance purchased on the federal marketplace or state exchanges must cover vision for children under 19.

If you have health and/or vision insurance through your employer in addition to an ACA plan, you can enroll your child in both policies. If we do not offer vision insurance, you can purchase optional vision insurance for the whole family.

It is important to note that coverage and insurance costs may vary from plan to plan depending on your child’s medical problems or eye conditions. The diagnosis will determine whether your child’s eye exam will be paid for by your health or vision insurance, Gillet explains. “Vision insurance should include a full eye exam at least once a year,” Gilet says. This exam includes:

  1. Extensions to help the doctor see your child’s eyes better
  2. 2. Check for refractive errors, which occur when the shape of your child’s eyes prevents light from focusing properly on the retina (a layer of light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye).
  3. Check for other health or eye conditions that could be causing your symptoms.


“If a child is referred for a low vision screening, many health insurance plans cover the screening without a copay or deductible,” says Dr. Jamie Ikeda, a pediatric ophthalmologist at Nemours Children’s Hospital in Florida. “Vision insurance can help pay for glasses if you need them, or help pay for exams with an in-network provider.”

Some private insurance companies offer free eye exams and glasses for children, so check with your insurance company. Medicaid and the Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP), available to low-income families, also cover vision care for children. If you don’t have health insurance, the US Department of Health and Human Services recommends contacting the government or non-profit organizations such as Financial Aid for Eye Care, Vision for Students, and InfantSEE to ask about free or cost-effective eye reduction.

How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses?
How do I know if my Child needs Eyeglasses?


Step 2: Make an appointment with your child’s eye doctor

If you think your child’s vision is poor or you want to check his general health, the first step is to have your child evaluated by the pediatrician. “Many pediatric clinics now offer photo tests to determine if children have risk factors for eye problems,” says Dr. Ikeda. (The photo is a test that uses a camera to check for risk factors for a child’s refractive error, amblyopia, or lazy eye.)

doctor. Ikeda explains that you can also test your child’s vision by looking at a wall chart in the pediatrician’s office. “If your child does not pass an eye exam by the pediatrician, you may be referred to an appropriate eye doctor,” adds Dr. Ikeda. This usually means seeing an optometrist who can help determine the cause of the problem.


Step 3: Plan an eye exam

It may seem like your child is the only one experiencing vision problems, but this is a relatively common phenomenon. Vision problems affect millions of children in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), in 2019, more than 25 percent of children ages 2 to 17 wore glasses or contact lenses. And this number increased with age among boys and girls.4

Or, a visit to the eye doctor may just involve fitting a child’s first pair of glasses or contact lenses. An eye exam can detect many vision problems in your child. According to Robert Layman, an optometrist and president of the American Optometric Association, the most common vision problems in school-age children are caused by refractive errors, a condition in which the light in the eye bends or refracts.

Normally, the cornea and lens in a child’s eye help them focus on things like books or the school board. Refractive error occurs when the shape of the eye prevents light from focusing properly on the retina. It can be caused by the length of the child’s eyeball (long or short), changes in the shape of the cornea or the aging of the lens. “However, children with clear vision may still have visual problems with focusing, eye tracking, and eye coordination,” says Lyman. Your child may need glasses if any of the following apply:

Hypermetropia (myopia): children can see objects that are close, but not far. This happens when the eyes are longer than normal. “This prevents light rays from focusing properly at the back of the eye, leading to poor distance vision,” says Dr. Ikeda. “Risk factors include a family history of myopia and lack of time outdoors in the sun.”

Studies have shown that regular exposure to the outdoors can help prevent the development of myopia. Sun exposure (exposing the skin causes the body to produce vitamin D) reduces the risk of glaucoma, macular degeneration and cataracts (blurred vision). Exposure to bright light also helps the eye maintain the distance between the retina and the lens. doctor. Ikeda added that the most common symptom parents notice is moving their eyes to see distant objects. “School-age children often say they have a hard time seeing the blackboard at school,” he says.

Farsightedness (farsightedness): Farsightedness is a refractive error that causes your child to see close objects blurry. This happens when the shape of the eye causes light to focus behind the retina rather than on it. “Children usually have some farsightedness, and because young, healthy eyes are better able to focus, most children can see well at any distance,” says Dr. Ikeda. A common symptom of farsightedness is a reluctance to study. Ikeda noticed that parents can tell their child is farsighted when one or both eyes start to turn toward the nose.


This is also called strabismus. This happens when a child’s eyes do not focus or focus on a single object. “Certain eye movements require the use of glasses to keep the eyes straight,” explains Gillette. “You may notice that one of your baby’s eyes turns inward or outward on its own. Your child may complain that his eye hurts when he closes one eye, rubs his eye, or tries to focus. Glasses or a patch (applied to the stronger side of each eye) can help gradually strengthen and correct the weak eye.

Astigmatism: “Astigmatism is an irregularly shaped cornea or lens that prevents light from focusing properly on the retina,” explains Layman. “The surface of the retina is not round like a basketball, it’s more like a soccer ball, and the eye can’t focus light rays to a single point.” The shape of the cornea or lens bends differently when light enters the eye, causing refractive errors. However, doctors do not know what causes astigmatism, and there is no way to prevent it.

Additionally, if your child has been diagnosed with diabetes, it’s a good idea to get tested for diabetic retinopathy, which can cause problems with the blood vessels in the back of the eyes and even lead to blindness. Your child may need an eye exam to check for diabetes within a year of diagnosis.


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